Oliver Twist

by Charles Dickens


Oliver Twist; or, The Parish Boy's Progress, Charles Dickens's second novel, was published as a serial from 1837 to 1839, and as a three-volume book in 1838. Born in a workhouse, the orphan Oliver Twist is bound into apprenticeship with an undertaker. After escaping, Oliver travels to London, where he meets the "Artful Dodger”, a member of a gang of juvenile pickpockets led by the elderly criminal Fagin. 
Oliver Twist unromantically portrays the sordid lives of criminals, and exposes the cruel treatment of the many orphans in London in the mid-19th century. The alternative title, The Parish Boy's Progress, alludes to Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress, as well as the 18th-century caricature series by painter William Hogarth, A Rake's Progress and A Harlot's Progress.
In an early example of the social novel, Dickens satirises child labour, domestic violence, the recruitment of children as criminals, and the presence of street children. The novel may have been inspired by the story of Robert Blincoe, an orphan whose account of working as a child labourer in a cotton mill was widely read in the 1830s. It is likely that Dickens' own experiences as a youth contributed as well, considering he spent two years of his life in the workhouse at the age of 12 and subsequently, missed out on some of his education.
Oliver Twist has been the subject of numerous adaptations, including a highly successful musical, Oliver!, the multiple Academy Award-winning 1968 motion picture, Disney's animated film Oliver & Company in 1988 and the 1948 film, starring Alec Guinness as Fagin.
Excerpted from Oliver Twist on Wikipedia.

person AuthorCharles Dickens
language CountryEngland
api GenreBildungsromansOrphansCriminals, Adventure
copyright CopyrightPublic domain worldwide.
camera_alt Book coverImage: Joseph Clayton Clark | wikipedia
book_online EbooksProject Gutenberg
description ScansCornell University
headphones AudioLibrivox | Internet Archive
Reader: Mil Nicholson
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auto_stories Read onlineOliver Twist I, II